Hydroquinone is a skin bleaching agent used to decrease the formation of melanin in the skin. The following Hydroquinone creams and gels selected by our team, contain 2% to 4% hydroquinone to be topically used to lighten areas of darkened skin such as freckles, age spots, cholasma, and melasma.
By stopping new melanin production, Hydroquinone help your skin to go through natural or chemical-assisted exfoliation and lightens the color of the skin area to which it is applied. For one who does not wish to have expensive or invasive procedures or only has slight hyperpigmented areas- hydroquinone is an excellent option as it reduces or removes hyperpigmentations very effectively.
Most Hydroquinone creams contains 2% to 4% hydroquinone. Formulations of 4% Hydroquinone are considered as "the best" as very powerful and to prevent any irritation that would erupt in higher strengths. Higher strengths of Hydroquinone have caused hydroquinone-induced ochronosis (black speckling in the dermis) in patients with darker skins and have even been banned in parts of Europe and all throughout Asia due to the belief that higher concentrations are carcinogenic. Hydroquinone can be used by itself and/or can be mixed with others ingredients such as kojic acid, licorice extract or melawhite.
Hydroquinone and Sunlight
Avoid exposure to sunlight or artificial UV rays (e.g., sunlamps). Darkening of the skin may occur with exposure to sunlight or artificial UV light. Use a sunscreen (minimum SPF 15) and wear protective clothing when exposure to the sun or UV rays is unavoidable. Do not use hydroquinone topical on skin that is sunburned, windburned, dry, chapped, or irritated, or on an open wound. It could make these conditions worse. Wait until these conditions have healed before applying hydroquinone topical.
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