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Blood Pressure

 

Blood pressure, also known as BP, is the force of blood on the walls of arteries as the heart bumps blood throughout the body. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, makes the heart work harder to pump blood and is dangerous as it contributes to the hardening of arteries which leads to heart disease, the first leading cause of death, and stroke, the third leading cause of death. High blood pressure can also cause heart failure and kidney disease. It is very common in America and about 65 million adults have high blood pressure. It is especially common in African Americans.

There are two numbers associated with blood pressure readings – systolic pressure is the top number, which measures the pressure in arteries when the heart beats and – diastolic pressure is the bottom number, which measures the pressure in arteries between heartbeats.

In order to understand blood pressure, you need to know the different categories associated of blood pressure, which are as follows:

  • Normal: When your BP is less than 120/80
  • Prehypertension: When your BP is 120-139/80-89
  • High Blood Pressure (Stage 1 Hypertension): When your BP is 140-159/90-99
  • High Blood Pressure (Stage 2 Hypertension): When your BP is 160 or higher/100 or higher
  • Hypertensive Crisis (Emergency Care Needed): Higher than 180/Higher than 110

Causes of high blood pressure are not known but certain factors may play a role in developing it, which includes:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Lack of exercise
  • Excessive smoking and drinking
  • High sodium intake
  • Pregnant women
  • Being over the age of 35
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Family history of high blood pressure

Regular visits to your doctor, or purchasing your own blood pressure cuff and devices, can help you check if your blood pressure is normal or high. Normally after two readings of high blood pressure, doctors would diagnose you and start your treatment program. It is crucial to change your lifestyle and take prescription medication. Even if your blood pressure is normal, you should make lifestyle changes to prevent a future case of high blood pressure.

At Makemeheal, you can purchase your own blood pressure device so you can check your own blood pressure anytime. We carry aneroid blood pressures, auto-inflate digital blood pressure units, BP parts and accessories, combination blood pressure/stethoscope sets, manual-inflate digital blood pressure devices, mercurial blood pressure units, vital signs monitors, and digital wrist blood pressure devices.